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A crop will only be as good as its soil. Plant a crop in infertile soil with poor drainage, and the plant will soon wilt and die.
Leave the crop in nutrient-deficient soil, and the plant will soon start showing signs of yellowing.
Gardeners must always take care of the soil in their gardens if they want abundant produce from their crops.
If you want to improve your soil, one of the easiest ways to do so is by tilling it.
While traditionally gardeners used hand-held implements to work the soil, you now have the advantage of using a tiller.
We will cover what tillers do, why you should use them, and when to do so in this guide.
What Does a Tiller do to the Soil?
A tiller is an implement used in breaking up and aerating soil. It is different from a cultivator whose primary purpose is to mix loose soil.
When working with hard ground, a tiller is the best option. Let us consider where you can use the two implements and how you should choose between the two options:
Given that this implement best works for mixing loose soil, you can use it to break up small weeds and grasses in your garden.
Additionally, you can use a cultivator to work potting mix, manure, fertilizer, and other inputs into your soil.
This implement is best in breaking up hard ground, and you can use it when working with hard rocky soil.
Also, if you are starting a new garden and need to break the hard ground, this is your go-to.
Please note that you cannot interchange one for the other due to the key differences between the two.
Instead, you must consider why you need a garden implement and choose the right one. For example, if you want to start a new garden plot, a tiller is your best choice.
Types of Tillers
Tillers come in various dimensions, suited to work on different plots of land. If you are working on a large section, the rear-tine garden tiller is the best option.
It is the most powerful of all tillers and is ideal for hard ground that has not been tilled in the past.
However, if you want to work on a smaller section, a front-tine tiller is a good choice. While it might not have as much power as its rear-tine counterpart, it is hardy enough to handle the task.
Functions of a Tiller
Tillers can serve many roles in the garden, including but not limited to crumbling soil, plowing, hoeing, and weeding.
You can also rely on them to aerate the soil, making it easier for crop to grow and discouraging weeds from taking hold in the soil.
Tilling is also advisable to loosen soil and make it easier for plant roots to reach deeper into the earth.
It is especially recommended to till hard ground that has not been dug before. Otherwise, the new crop might have a hard time establishing in the garden.
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When Should You Use a Tiller?
Most gardeners use a tiller during autumn and spring when the weather is a bit cool and rainy. The ideal time is when the ground has received rain.
Wait at least one day after the rain to start tilling the soil. At this point, the ground should be wet but not soggy.
Otherwise, if you till soggy soil, you will end up with large clumps of compact soil once the ground is dry.
It would add to the work you have to do to break down the clumps after you are done tilling. Otherwise, the crop would have a hard time penetrating the soil.
To check if the ground is ready for tilling, take a handful of the topsoil and squeeze it. If it crumbles in your hand, it is ready.
If it clumps, you need to wait another day or two. Also, if it has not rained, you do not have to wait for natural rain to wet the ground.
You can also soak the soil using a hose and wait a day or two before tilling it.
How to Use a Tiller
To use a tiller, first, check the state of the ground. You will use a medium setting for soft ground, and for dry & compacted soil, you are better off using a shallow setting.
You will start with an initial tilling pass to break the hard ground using parallel lines. Follow through with making lines perpendicular to the initial ones to ensure you have covered all the ground.
Wait a day or two to allow the soil to rest before tilling again to about six to eight inches unless otherwise dictated by your crop’s needs.
After this, the ground will be ready for the next phase of planting. We will cover if you should plant immediately after tilling in a later section in this guide.
To be safe when tilling, start by locating and marking utility lines in the garden. You can consult your local utility providers to be safe.
Also, clear any debris on the land to avoid damaging the tiller or harming yourself. Most importantly, do not till the land during all seasons.
Instead, allow it to breathe; else, it will be compacted, and your crop will suffer. Once a year should be enough.
Should I Use a Tiller on my Lawn?
You can rely on a tiller to either plant a new lawn or reseed an existing one. For people whose lawns have exhibited faltering quality, the latter option works best.
You might have to start seeding your lawn from scratch. But luckily, with a tiller, the groundwork will not be such a hassle.
This implement helps you adequately prepare the soil in your yard, setting you up for success.
Aim to reach a depth of at least four inches in the ground to turn the grass. However, do not go more than six inches.
This depth enables you to turn the grass without reaching stones and tree roots.
If poor soil health is to blame for the poor lawn, consider incorporating fertilizer in the soil as you turn the grass.
Please note that even when working on a lawn, you must follow the tiller use protocols.
These include working with wet but not soggy soil, making two passes, using the right tiller, and clearing debris on the ground.
How to Use a Tiller on Hard Ground
Did you know that you can level hard ground using a tiller? All you need to do is map out the area you want to till and figure out how deep you can go.
For hard and compact ground, go with a shallow setting. However, if the ground is soft, you can work with a medium setting.
Like you would with any ground, start by making passes using lines parallel to each other. Make overlapping passes to make sure you have covered all the ground.
Keep doing this and adjusting the tilling height to enable you to reach at least eight inches into the ground. You can then assess your work and decide if another pass will be necessary.
Can you Plant Immediately After Tilling?
With the ground level and the soil looking fresh, it is easy to get carried away with seeding crops almost immediately.
However, it would help if you gave the ground some time to rest before working on it again.
As you wait, organic materials break down and increase the nutrient profile in the soil, making it easier for your crops to thrive.
Additionally, if the soil is wet, working it again could result in large clumps. These can be hard to work with and can affect the growth of your plants.
So, when should you plant your crops? Ideally, you should wait a week from the time of tilling before sowing your crop.
If this waiting time is not possible, you can always plant your crop immediately. However, keep in mind that it comes at the expense of organic materials and loose soil clumps.
What are the Disadvantages of Tilling?
To till or not to till- this question has perturbed gardeners for a long time, and it makes sense that you might be on the fence about it.
Tilling is a great way to aerate the soil and break up clumps, making it easier for crops to grow.
Additionally, it allows you to work inputs into the soil weeks before you plant your crop.
The disadvantages of tilling are they can destroy the natural soil structure and can lead to the formation of clumps.
It can also affect the soil’s ability to retain moisture, making the soil surface drier and harder.
While some people till the land to remove weeds, tilling to great depths can bring dormant weeds to the surface, encouraging their growth.
As much as tilling is an effective way to prepare your soil for a new crop, you should only use it when addressing specific problems.
A good example would be loosening soil before planting seedlings. If the soil is workable, you can reserve tilling for another point in the future where breaking the ground will be necessary.
Before you go, here are some more related articles I encourage you to read below to help solve more of your gardening issues: